Hemorrhoid or Haemorrhoid (also commonly called piles) are swollen veins in your anus and lower rectum, like varicose veins. Hemorrhoids can develop inside the rectum (internal hemorrhoids) or under the skin around the anus (external hemorrhoids).
Three out of four adults will have hemorrhoids from time to time, it has several causes but usually the cause is unknown. Luckily many options are available to treat Hemorrhoids.
It depends on the type of the Hemorrhoid:
External Hemorrhoids: Under the skin around your anus.
Pain or discomfort
Swelling around your anus
Internal Hemorrhoids: It stays inside the rectum; you usually don’t see or feel them. But straining or irritation when passing stool can cause:
Thrombosed Hemorrhoids: blood pools in an external hemorrhoid and forms a thrombus
If you have bleeding during bowel movements or you have hemorrhoids that do not improve after a week of home care, talk to your doctor.
Do not assume Rectal Bleeding is due to Hemorrhoids, especially if you have changes in bowel habits or if your stools change in color or consistency. Seek emergency care if you are suffering from rectal bleeding, lightheadedness, dizziness or faintness.
The veins around your anus tend to stretch under pressure and may bulge or swell. Hemorrhoids can develop from increased pressure in the lower rectum due to:
As you age, your risk of getting Hemorrhoids increases. That is due to the tissues that support the veins in your rectum and anus weakening and stretching.
Complications of Hemorrhoids are rare but include:
Doing so softens the stool and increases its bulk. Add fiber to your diet slowly to avoid problems with gas.
Drink plenty of fluids. Drink six to eight glasses of water and other liquids (not alcohol) each day to help keep stools soft.
Consider fiber supplements. The recommended amount of fiber is 20 to 30 grams a day. Studies have shown that going over with fiber supplements can increase overall symptoms and bleeding from hemorrhoids.
If you use fiber supplements, be sure to drink at least eight glasses of water or other fluids every day.
Do not strain. Straining and holding your breath when trying to pass a stool creates greater pressure in the veins in the lower rectum.
Go as soon as you can. If you wait to pass a bowel movement and the urge goes away, your stool could dry out and be harder to pass.
Exercise. Stay active to help prevent constipation and to reduce pressure on veins, which could occur from long periods of standing or sitting. Exercise can also help you lose excess weight that might be contributing to your hemorrhoids.
Avoid long periods of sitting. Sitting too long, particularly on the toilet, can increase the pressure on the veins in the anus.